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سرزمین اهورایی - مطالب Iran's ancient

 
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Cyrus II of Persia (Old Persian: KUURUUSHA[4] Kuruš (c. 600 BC or 576 BC–530 BC[5]), commonly known as Cyrus the Great[6], also known as Cyrus the Elder, was the founder of the Achaemenid Empire.[7] Under his rule, the empire embraced all the previous civilized states of the ancient Near East,[7] expanded vastly and eventually conquered most of Southwest Asia and much of Central Asia, parts of Europe and Caucasus. From the Mediterranean sea and Hellespont in the west to the Indus River in the east, Cyrus the Great created the largest empire the world had yet seen.[8]

The reign of Cyrus the Great lasted between 29 and 31 years. Cyrus built his empire by conquering first the Median Empire, then the Lydian Empire and eventually the Neo-Babylonian Empire. Either before or after Babylon, he led an expedition into central Asia, which resulted in major campaigns that were described as having brought "into subjection every nation without exception".[9] Cyrus did not venture into Egypt, as he himself died in battle, fighting the Massagetae along the Syr Darya in December 530 BC.[10][11] He was succeeded by his son, Cambyses II, who managed to add to the empire by conquering Egypt, Nubia, and Cyrenaica during his short rule.

Cyrus the Great respected the customs and religions of the lands he conquered.[12] It is said that in universal history, the role of the Achaemenid empire founded by Cyrus lies in its very successful model for centralized administration and establishing a government working to the advantage and profit of its subjects.[7] In fact, the administration of the empire through satraps and the vital principle of forming a government at Pasargadae were the works of Cyrus.[13] Aside from his own nation, Persia (modern Iran), Cyrus the Great also left a lasting legacy on the Jewish religion through his Edict of Restoration, where because of his policies in Babylonia, he is referred to by the people of the Jewish faith, as "the anointed of the Lord" or a "Messiah".[14][15]

Cyrus the Great is also well recognized for his achievements in human rights, politics, and military strategy, as well as his influence on both Eastern and Western civilizations. To date, Cyrus the Great and his historical signature define the national identity for many Iranians.[16] Cyrus and, indeed, the Achaemenid influence in the ancient world also extended as far as Athens, where many Athenians adopted aspects of the Achaemenid Persian(ancient Iranian) culture as their own, in a reciprocal cultural exchange.[17]

The four winged guardian figure representing Cyrus the Great, a bas-relief found at Pasargadae on top of which was once inscribed in three languages the sentence "I am Cyrus the king, an Achaemenian."[21]



دسته بندی: Iran's ancient،
تعداد بازدید:
1390/10/3 | نگارنده: آراد | این نوشته را به اشتراک بگذارید

 

 

 

              Safavi

Dynasty

Birth 

 

Death 

 

06 Aug 1694

23 Oct 1722 

Soltan Hossein I

b. 1668

d. 1726

 

10 Nov 1722

02 Sep 1732 

Tahmasp II

b. 1704

d. 1740

 

8 Nov 1726

Jul 1728   

Sayyed Ahmad(in opposition)

b. ...

d. 1728

 

03 Sep 1732

08 Mar 1736 

Shah Abbas III    

b. 1732

d. 1740

 

17 Dec 1749

09 Jan 1750

Shah Soleyman II

b. 1714

d. 1763

 

09 Jan 1750

1773

Shah Esmail III

b. 1733

d. 1773

 

1753

Jun 1753

Soltan Hoseyn II(in opposition)

 

 

 

1780

1786

Abu al-Fath Mohammad

b. ...

d. 1794

 

 

Ghalzay

 

Dynasty

 

 

 

 

23 Oct 1722

25 Apr 1725 

Mahmud Afghan

b. 1699

d. 1725

 

26 Apr 1725

13 Nov 1729 

Ashraf Afghan

b. 1700

d. 1730

 

 

Afshar

 

Dynasty

 

 

 

 

08 Mar 1736

01 Jul 1747 

Nader

b. 618

d. 1747

 

06 Jul 1747

24 Sep 1748 

Adel

b. 1719

d. 1749

 

24 Sep 1748

May 1749 

Ebrahim-To 8 Dec 1748 regent as Ebrahim Khan

b. 1724

d. 1749

 

May 1749

17 Dec 1749 

Esmail Rokh (1st time)

b. 1734

d. 1796

 

26 Jan 1750

Jun 1750 

Esmail Rokh (2nd time)            

b. 1734

d. 1796

 

09 May 1755

14 May 1796 

Esmail Rokh (3rd time)            

b. 1734

d. 1796

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دسته بندی: Iran's ancient،
تعداد بازدید:
1389/08/3 | نگارنده: آراد | این نوشته را به اشتراک بگذارید

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